Retinal Tears and Detachments
A retinal detachment occurs when all layers of the retina separate from the wall of the eye. Left untreated, a retinal detachment will lead to blindness in the eye.
There are three surgical options for the treatment of a retinal detachment.
- The first option is an in-office procedure called a pneumatic retinopexy where a freezing treatment is applied to the causiitve retinal tear and a gas bubble is placed into the eye. However, it is only possible to use this technique in select cases based on the characteristics of the detachment.
- The second option is a surgical procedure known as a scleral buckle. This is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia. A silicone band is placed around the eye, under the skin of the eye in combination with a freezing treatment. A gas bubble is often placed in the eye as well.
- The third option is a vitrectomy. This takes place in the operating room with anesthesia. The vitreous, or jelly, is removed and the retina is put back in place. Laser is often performed. A gas bubble or oil bubble is then placed in the vitreous space.
In some cases, a scleral buckle and a vitrectomy are combined in one surgery.